American Psychological Association. Animal welfare refers to the physiological and psychological health of an animal – effectively, this is how the individual animal is coping, both mentally and physically with their circumstances. In general, laboratory animals should not be subjected to successive survival surgical procedures, except as required by the nature of the research, the nature of the specific surgery, or for the well-being of the animal. Animal welfare is concerned with the humane treatment of animals but does not oppose all uses of animals, while animal rights is concerned with ending all human use of animals. Research conducted in populated areas must be done with respect for the property and privacy of the inhabitants of the area. Whenever reasonable, psychologists are encouraged to first test the painful stimuli to be used on nonhuman animal subjects on themselves. Consideration should be given to providing the research animals control over the potential aversive stimulation whenever it is consistent with the goals of the research. Every effort should be made to minimize potential harmful effects of the study on the population and on other plant and animal species in the area. (Eds.). View a copy of the APA Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Behavioral Projects in Schools (K – 12), or request a copy via email, by phone at (202) 336-6000, or in writing to the APA Science Directorate, Office of Research Ethics, 750 First St., NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. (2012, February 24). Retrieved April 8, 2010. ��5�!o4r�Ǫӗuє�^���Yݙ��Y�t��Bw�a��O�r�yD�%��е�4I1Q�km��� �d��\���n� National Research Council (2011). When misframed, thesequestions shift the burden of proof unreasonably to animalwelfare regulators. Research on nonhuman animals may not be conducted until the protocol has been reviewed by an appropriate animal care committee; typically, an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), to ensure that the procedures are appropriate and humane. (pp 31-39). Federal Register, 55(136), (July 16, 1990), 28879-28884. U. S. Department of Agriculture (1989) Animal welfare; Final Rules. 2nd ed. Membership in the APA is not limited to scientists or clinicians; it also includes educators and psychology students. We seek better treatment of animals everywhere— in the laboratory, on the farm, in commerce, at home, and in the wild. Multiple surgeries on the same animal must be justified and receive approval from the IACUC. 47 0 obj <> endobj London. The acquisition, care, housing, use, and disposition of nonhuman animals in research must be in compliance with applicable federal, state, and … 54, originally called the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act, was established in 1966 in response to growing concern for dogs and cats used in research, particularly with regard to a large number of reported thefts … Federal Register, 54(168), (Aug 31, 1989), 36112-36163. Methods and welfare considerations in behavioral research with animals: Report of a National Institutes of Health Workshop. Retrieved April 8, 2010. The Animal Welfare Act of 1996, also called the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act, was an act signed into law on August 24, 1966, by former President Lyndon B. Johnson. & Nakamura, R. K. This raised the issue of how the activity might be regulated from the national level as it had been done in Great Britain. Adopted by the APA Council of Representatives on February 24, 2012. In general, psychologists should act on the assumption that procedures that are likely to produce pain in humans may also do so in other animals, unless there is species-specific evidence of pain or stress to the contrary. Animal Welfare, as defined by the American Veterinary Medical Association, is a human responsibility that encompasses all aspects of animal well-being, including proper housing, management, disease prevention and treatment, responsible care, humane handling, and, when necessary, humane euthansia. Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Animals in Research was developed by the American Psychological Association Committee on Animal Research and Ethics in 2010-11. Provide results that benefit the health or welfare of humans or other animals. Animal Legal Defense Fund, Inc. v. Perdue--- F.3d ----, 2017 WL 4320804 (D.C. Cir. The welfare of animals kept in zoos and aquariums is important for ethical reasons. Look more closely at different times of day. A research animal observed to be in a state of severe distress or chronic pain that cannot be alleviated and is not essential to the purposes of the research should be euthanized immediately (AVMA, 2007). It has 54 divisions—interest groups for different subspecialties of psychology or topical areas. Psychologists should assume it their responsibility that all individuals who work with nonhuman animals under their supervision receive explicit instruction in experimental methods and in the care, maintenance, and handling of the species being studied. %PDF-1.5 %���� Psychologists should adjust the parameters of aversive stimulation to the minimal levels compatible with the aims of the research. In: Practice tips for improving compliance. To ensure their humane treatment and well-being, laboratory animals generally may not be released from institutional facilities.